- the body of a male human being
- a statistic describing the location of a distribution; “it set the norm for American homes”
- approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value; “the average income in New England is below that of the nation”; “of average height for his age”; “the mean annual rainfall”
- amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain; “The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40″
- The result obtained by adding several quantities together and then dividing this total by the number of quantities; the mean
- The apportionment of financial liability resulting from loss of or damage to a ship or its cargo
- An amount, standard, level, or rate regarded as usual or ordinary
- A substance of this type, or a similar one made from plant products, used in cooking
- having an (over)abundance of flesh; “he hadn’t remembered how fat she was”
- The presence of an excessive amount of such a substance in a person or animal, causing them to appear corpulent
- a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides); “pizza has too much fat”
- A natural oily or greasy substance occurring in animal bodies, esp. when deposited as a layer under the skin or around certain organs
- fatten: make fat or plump; “We will plump out that poor starving child”
Arctic Fox at the Highland Wildlife Park, Scotland – August 2008
The Arctic Fox has evolved to live in the most frigid extremes on the planet. Among its adaptations for cold survival are its deep, thick fur, a system of countercurrent heat exchange in the circulation of paws to retain core temperature, and a good supply of body fat. The fox has a low surface area to volume ratio, as evidenced by its generally rounded body shape, short muzzle and legs, and short, thick ears. Since less of its surface area is exposed to the cold, less heat escapes the body. Its furry paws allow it to walk on ice in search of food. The Arctic Fox has such keen hearing that it can precisely locate the position of prey under the snow. When it finds prey, it pounces and punches through the snow above to catch it’s victim. Its thick fur is the warmest of any mammal. Another feature of it’s fur, is how it changes colour with the seasons. In the winter it is a white to blend in with snow, while in the summer months its fur changes to a brown.
The Arctic Fox tends to be active in early September to early May. The gestation period is 52 days. Litters tend to average 6-7 pups but may be as many as 11. Both the mother and the father help to raise their young. The females leave the family and form their own groups and the males stay with the family.
Foxes tend to form monogamous pairs in the breeding season. Litters of between 4 and 11 kits are born in the early summer. The parents raise the young in a large den. Dens can be complex underground networks, housing many generations of foxes. Young from a previous year’s litter may stay with the parents to help rear younger siblings.The cubs are brownish and as they get older they are white. They can walk on ice without freezing because they have thick hair on their paws.
The Arctic Fox will generally eat any meat it can find, including lemmings, Arctic Hare, reptiles and amphibians, eggs, and carrion. Lemmings are the most common prey. A family of foxes can eat dozens of lemmings each day. During April and May the Arctic Fox also preys on Ringed Seal pups when the young animals are confined to a snow den and are relatively helpless. Fish beneath the ice are also part of its diet. When its normal prey is scarce, the Arctic Fox scavenges the leftovers of larger predators, such as the polar bear, even though the bears’ prey includes the Arctic Fox itself.
The length of the head and body is 55 cm (21.7 in) in the male and 53 cm (20.9 in) in the female. The tail is 31 cm (12.2 in) long in the male and 30 cm (11.8 in) long in the female. It is 25–30 cm (9.8–11.8 in) high at the shoulder. Males weigh 9 lb (4.1 kg) while females can weigh 6 to 12 lb (2.7 to 5.4 kg).
The Arctic Fox has a circumpolar range, meaning that it is found throughout the entire Arctic, including the outer edges of Greenland, Russia, Canada, Alaska, and Svalbard, as well as in Subarctic and alpine areas, such as Iceland and mainland alpine Scandinavia. The conservation status of the species is good, except for the Scandinavian mainland population. It is acutely endangered there, despite decades of legal protection from hunting and persecution. The total population estimate in all of Norway, Sweden and Finland is a mere 120 adult individuals.
The Arctic Fox is the only native land mammal to Iceland. It came to the isolated North Atlantic island at the end of the last ice age, walking over the frozen sea.
The abundance of the Arctic Fox species tends to fluctuate in a cycle along with the population of lemmings. Because the fox reproduces very quickly and often dies young, population levels are not seriously impacted by trapping. The Arctic Fox has, nonetheless, been eradicated from many areas where humans are settled.
The Arctic Fox is losing ground to the larger Red Fox. Historically, the Gray Wolf has kept Red Fox numbers down, but as the wolf has been hunted to near extinction in much of its former range, the Red Fox population has grown larger, and it has taken over the niche of top predator. In areas of northern Europe there are programs in place that allow hunting of the Red Fox in the Arctic Fox’s previous range.
As with many other game species, the best sources of historical and large scale population data are hunting bag records and questionnaires. There are several potential sources of error in such data collections. In addition, numbers vary widely between years due to the large population fluctuations. However, the total population of the Arctic Fox must be in the order of several hundred thousand animals.
The world population is thus not endangered, but t
Tricks of the (T) trade
Starting from the left, the ”Endomorphic” type has a relative broad, or wide, waistline. Typically short, broad legs and limbs. The downside to this are the broad waist that will benefit tremendously by a corset, corselet or waist clincher, contributing the ”hourglass” figure. Unfortunately wearing such devices in ”live” conditions going out, is NOT to be underestimated. But for pictures or even limited adventures, they are highly recommended. The upside to this bodytype is breasts that can be ”pushed” into place creating the most real and revealing cleavage. This bodytype can in addition wear the largest breast and still maintaining the harmony of nature. It must be said in addition, that among humans of western society, rules a ”fashion trend” so to say, not only in style of clothes but in type of body as well. The ”short, broad” woman is not what is to be expected to adorn the front of Vogue in the next many decades. This ”body trend” unfortunately speaks against the ”Endomorphic” type.
The Mesomoph male type has little trouble making a sucessful transformtion, though it must be said that this type often have a distinct difference in the distribution of fat proportion and muscles, than that of females. Keeping upper arms and shoulders veiled is advisable in such cases and a waist controler still contributes this bodytype a more gracefull shape, though not allways necessary. Breast can often still be pressed into position creating a real cleavage, but the size of breasts need to be limited on order to maintain harmony.
The ”Ectomorphic” type have long, slender limbs and can most easily get away with not covering arms and shoulders. They are often tall and being tall is a major downside that cannot sucessfully be countered without sacrificing stilettos, wearing flats or lower heels. The hips is also a problem, they need to be ”widened” in order to eliminate the ”column shape” creating the hips of the hourglass. It is advisable in such cases to look at ”real” girls closely to observe and study the point where the hips are broadest. The point actually shift a little, if you look at a female facing you front, the broadest point is TYPICALLY from 5 cm under the point where the legs meet (the vagina) to 5 cm over. To creating a smooth round form here, special kit is needed. (foam or silicone pads). If you are the ”slim” Ectomorphic type you can forget creating a real cleavage and large breast is a ”NO GO” to this bodytype, if harmony is to prevail. The upside to this bodytype is legs and limbs. Some nylon stocking advertisements use male legs to sell their products, as male legs of the ”Ectomorphic” type at times can be found to be more well proportined than of average women (even keeping the harmony of nature in minds eye, that is) Another thing speaks for the Ectomorphic type and that is that of the western society ”body trend”. The tall slim girl, is who we find on the cover of Vogue, and the Ectomorphic type comes closest to this ideal, of an almost ”fatless” woman.
By the way, for the curious wordly sort of personage, let me make life easier…
”endo-” means → ”within”
”meso-” means → ”middle”
”ecto-” means → “outer,” “outside,” “external,”